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雅思閱讀遇到生詞怎么辦?
2021-03-29 16:49   作者:劉玥媚Alisa   閱讀量:

  在雅思聽說讀寫的各項評分標準中,coherence具有重要地位。


  表現條理性、連貫性、邏輯性的有各種邏輯關系詞。


  本篇文章主要介紹while的用法,利用while在有生詞的情況推斷出答案句大致的含義


  首先來梳理一下while的各種含義,這里我們以英文解釋來進行學習。


  不同等級表示雅思對應分數段,大致是 :A2—4分以下;B1—4~5分;B2—5.5~6.5分;C1—7~8分;C2—8~9分。


  (A2) during the time that; or at the same time as; 表示“當…時候”, 相當于 when, as, whilst…,這個含義比較簡單。


  That same year, while in the lower St Lawrence River region, he took some photographs of the construction of the Intercolonial Railway. (C14-2-1)(當在下游的時候)


  Managers must learn how to achieve the delicate balance of allowing employees the freedom to enjoy themselves at work while simultaneously maintaining high levels of performance (Tews et al., 2013). (C14-1-3)(既使員工享受工作同時又維持高效率)


  (B2) despite the fact that; although; 表示讓步 ,“盡管”。


  這個含義在雅思閱讀之中遍地都是,卻又是同學們比較容易忽略的。因為在印象中while的“然而”“但是”的含義過于強大。


  表示“盡管”時常放句首,中間用逗號“,”隔開,真正想強調的轉折是在后半句。

  While it seems likely that employees’ reactions to their job characteristics could be affected by a predisposition to view their work environment negatively, no evidence exists to support this hypothesis (Spector et al., 2000). (C14-1-3)(盡管看似…, 但沒有證據證明這種假設)


  While it is true that television documentaries are becoming ever more detailed and impressive, and many natural history specimens are on display in museums, there really is nothing to compare with seeing a living creature in the flesh, hearing it, smelling it, watching what it dose and having the time to absorb details. ( C14-2-2)( 盡管紀錄片有很好的效果…, 但都不能與見到活生生的生物相比較)


  (B1) compared with the fact that; but; 表示對比轉折,“而”“然而”“但是”,常在句中,這也是小作文當中用于數據對比描述的常用詞。


  Between 1990 and 1998~road haulage increased by 19.4%, while during the same period rail haulage decreased by 43.5%. (C10-2-1) (公路運貨量增長,然而鐵路運輸減少)


  Intrinsically motivated free provides the child with true autonomy, while guided play is an avenue through which parents and educators can provide more targeted learning experiences. (C14-3-3)(以自由為內在動機的游戲提供真正的自主性,而引導性游戲提供更有針對性的學習體驗)


  我們可以看到盡管while既可以表示讓步,又可以表示對比轉折,但是一句之內的前后兩個半句的含義總是相反的


意識到這一點,在做題過程中就更加事半功倍了。比如:

  判斷題6 The opening of the Suez Canal meant that steam ships could travel between Britain and China faster than clippers. (C13-4-1)

微信圖片_20210329164635.jpg

  有兩個潛在判斷點,一是opening是否導致that后的內容,二是導致的結果是不是steam ships比clippers更快。


  回到原文,while表示讓步,逗號前后情況相反,stem ships可以利用quick and direct route (canal), 但是sailing ships 不能用canal。

  兩個潛在考點都對,答案選TRUE。


  判斷題14 Local gulls and migrating arctic terns behave in the same way when offered food. (C11-3-2)

微信圖片_20210329164714.jpg

  behave in the same way是判斷點


  回到原文定位,看到有許多生詞,比較妨礙理解,但是看到while應該知道兩種動物反應方式肯定是相反、不同的。

  選FALSE。


  今日作業

  下面出一道作業題,給大家練習,看看能否利用while在有生詞linger的情況下,推斷出原句的大致含義,選出答案。


  判斷題 36  People’s taste in paintings depends entirely on the current artistic trends of the period. (C11-2-3)


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